Wednesday, February 5, 2014

People who acknowledged by history of Islam and Pak o Hind


 Searched and Written by 
MOHAMMED OBAIDULLAH ALVI
(Journalist, Historian and Anthropologist)
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Special thanks to Mohammad Usman Khan Abbasi


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Family tree of Dhond Abbasies
 

Abbasi (Arabic: عباسي) is a prominent Islamic Arabic family. It is a clan of Banu Hashim Al Quraysh of Arab.

Origin
Abbasis are the descendants of Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, the youngest uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Geographical distribution
Members of the Abbasi or Abbasid family can be found in: Iraq (mainly), Bahrain, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iran, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Palestine, Pakistan, Somalia, Syria,India Tunisia and Europe in Italy, Spain and Greece. 


Origin of the Dhund Abbasis
They came to ancient Pakistan as traders and merchants from Egypt, trading in commodities like fabrics, perfumes and diamonds. They established a colony near Delhi in 1232. Sardar Tolak Khan, who came to Kashmir during the reign of King Zain-ul-Abidin, settled in the Poonch area (now the Bagh District of Azad Kashmir). Although the tribe traces its roots back to Abbas, it is more likely that the Dhond Abbasi people are descended from the Abbasid dynasty. The descendants of Abbas displaced the Umayyad rulers and were known as the Abbasids, this dynasty and governed for 500 years from Baghdad, Iraq. The rule of the Abbasids extended eastwards across Afghanistan into the South Asian subcontinent,covering the eastern part of modern-day Pakistan.
Extent of Abbasid rule
The Dhond Abbasi claim descent from the Abbasids. An Abbasid general, Zurrab Khan, was given the task to subjugate the king of Kashmir who refused to pay tribute to Afghanistan. He invaded Kashmir and overthrew the king and married the daughter of the new king. He remained as an ambassador to the state and lived at Darab Kot at Kahuta. His son, Akbar Ghae Khan, is the forefather of all Abbasi tribes, including the Dhond in Murree and Kashmir. Most of the tribe live in the North-West Frontier Province, Murree, Islamabad. Envoys and traders of the Abbasids came to Taxila, India, where they constructed a mosque and started preaching Islam by the order of Caliph Harun al-Rashid around 844 CE. An Abbasi scholar, Abu Fadhal, taught a Kashmiri King Onti Vermon in 882, and he translated the Quran into Hindi. This was the first translation of the Quran into an Indian language. In 1025 CE, Raja Mall of Jhelum, embraced Islam by Mahmud Ghazni and constructed a fort at Malot, Malpur near Islamabad in present day Pakistan administered Kashmir. He died in Jhelum. In 1021, the mountains were governed by Gakhars who the Dhond Abbasis in the Delhi Area. The Dhond Abbasis had settled in the area since an ancestor Poro Khan arrived in 880 CE. Noh Khan was his son born in 900 CE. In 968, Karlal chief, Galler Khan, came to Circle Bakote from south Afghanistan. Dhond Chief Sardar Taeq or Taif Khan met with Sabuktagin, the father of Mehmood Ghaznawi at Kabul in 975 CE and joined his army. This alliance continued.
History
  • In the book A Glossary of The Tribes & Castes of The Punjab & North-West Frontier Province, published in 1911 the Dhund and other tribes were described as follows:
  • The Dhúnd with the Satti and Ketwal occupy nearly the whole of Murree and Hazára Hills on the right bank of the Jhelum in the Házara and Ráwalpindi districts. Of the three the Dhúnd are the most northern, being found in the Abbottábád tahsil of Házara and in the northern tracts of Ráwalpindi, while below them come the Satti. Andwál appear to be one of the Dhund clans. They claim to be descendants of Abbás, the paternal uncle of the prophet; but another tradition that their ancestor Takth Khán came with Taimúr to Delhi where he settled; and that his descendant Zoráb Khán went to Kahúta in the time of Sháh Jahán and beget the ancestors of the Jadwál, Dhánd, Sarrára and Tanáoli tribes. His son Khalára or Kalu Rai was sent to Kashmír and married a Kashmíri woman from whom the Dhúnd are sprung and also a Katwál woman. From another son the Satti, who are the bitter enemies of the Dhúnd, are said to have sprung; but this the Satti deny and claim descent from Nausherwán. These traditions are of course absurd. Kalu Rai is a Hindu name and one tradition makes him brought up by a Brahmin. Colonel Wace wrote of the Dhúnd and Karrál:" Thirty years ago their acquaintance with the Muhammadan faith was still slight, and now though they know more of it and are more careful to observe it, relics of their Hindu faith are still observable in their habits". This much appears certain that that the Dhúnd, Satti, Bib, Chibh and many others are all of Hindu origin, all originally occupants of the hills on this part of the Jhelum, and all are most probably connected. Among the Punwár clans mentioned by Tod and supposed to be extinct by him are the Dhoonda, Soruteah, Bheeba, Dhúnd, Jeebra, and Dhoonta; and it is not impossible that these tribes may be of Punwár clans. The history of these clans is given at page 592 ff of Sir Lepel Griffin's, Punjáb Chiefs. They were almost exterminated by the Sikhs in 1837
  • “ In Hazára the local tradition makes two of the two main Dhúnd clans, Chandiál and Ratniál, descendants of two Rájput chiefs who were descended from Gahi, ruler of a tract around Delhi. To this day they refuse to eat with other Muhammadans or even to allow them to touch their cooking vessels. At weddings they retain the Hindu customs, whereby the barat or procession spends 2 or 3 days at the house of the bride's father, and various other Hindu social observances. They rarely marry outside the tribe, but polygamy is fairly common among them. ”

Distribution
They are found in the Abbottabad District and Murree Tehsil,dheerkot, salian, chirala sohawa, (azad Kashmir) although they are scattered in other parts of the Indian Subcontinent. The Dhond Abbasi tribe inhabit the northern areas around the Federal Capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. From Federal Capital area of Pakistan Islamabad to Capital of Muzzafarabad,Azad Kashmir villages after villages are inhabitated by Abbasi tribe and its population extends to millions now. The villages of Shahadra,Bhara Kahu and Phulgran are famous villages in vicinity of Islamabad. The village of Phulgran is populated by Dhondes who belong to the Chamla Khan branch of the tribe. Most of he inhabitants of Bhara Kahu are from this tribe who moved down from the adjacent hills for economic and business opportunities. Murree is mainly inhabited by Dhondes, the tribe extends to NWFP in areas such as Lora, Nagri Tutial. The tribe extends to Bagh and Muzaffarabad Districts of AJK where a branch of Chandal Dhondes settled, they belong to Chand Khan (Malik Chand Khan Abbasi) son of Tulak Khan. Rattan Khan settled at Basian junction of Punjab and NWFP. The descendants of Rattan Khan are now a majority in Murree and NWFP. The Dhond Abbasi sub-tribe Shirals inhabited are settle in UC Behali.
Dhund Abbasi of Pakshahi, Halli, District Haripur
A vast majority of Abbasi tribe is living in villages Pakshahi, Halli, Barkot, Jabri and Phallah Tehsil and District Haripur. Their forefathers originate from Murree. The notable and prominent persons are Nazir Ahmad Abbasi of village Pakshahi, Khushal Khan Abbasi of Halli, Riasat Ali Abbasi of Barkot, Masood Pervez Abbasi of Jabri and Riffat Ali Abbasi of Phallah. Moreover, Abbasis are in minority in villages Kotla, Sangra, Kharian, Pir Sohawa, Nilan Bhoto, Kohmal, Makhanial, Desra, Sambal, Jandi, Seri, Baghpur Dheri, Dartian, Khanpur and Pind Gakhra (near Taxila),Tehsil & district Haripur and Village Gokina and Talhar in Federal Area. Abbasis also reside in Dhoke Abbasi and Sarai Kharbooza, near Tarnol,Islamabad.
Dhund Abbasis of Circle Bakote
Rattan Khan (Abdurehman) took charge in 1400. He reformed agriculture and allowed a large part of Circle Bakote to be cultivated. Rattan Khan had four sons. Rattan Khan's Kashmiri wife was called Zulaikha and she had given birth to Bodrha Khan, forefather of Budreal of Malkot (b. 1425), Hejhe Khan, forefather of Hejheal of Dewal, Murree (1427) and Baikh Khan, forefather of Bekhal (1429). Zulaikha died from smallpox in 1430. Rattan Khan married another lady, Paris Jan, in the same year and she gave birth to Lahr Khan in 1433.[citation needed] General Muahmmad Riaz Khan of Dewal Sharif was the first General of Dewal Sharif. He was know for his honesty and dedication for his country.He remained in uniform till his last breath on 26 April 1979. General Riaz was D.G ISI at the time of General Zia ul Haq and was die hard soldier.His father was also in British Army as Capt and Aide de camp of the than chief of British Army Field Marshal. (Read More)

 
Dhund abbasi of maira husnal
One of the son of PEER MALIK SORAJ the father of all abbasi's who are living in murree one of his son named GHAR KHAN his family moved from murree to galyat SEER MAIRA HUSSNALL are settled there. thy all are very brive intelligent and hardworking guys. after the death of PEER MALIK SORAJ it was the ghir who was annconced as the leader of tribles there were very famous persnalities in the past such as samundar khan, his son faiz akber khan, who had nine sons but unfortuntly four of them died before marriage other five were SERVER KHAN CHAND KHAN AZEEM KHAN ORANZAIB KHAN WHO WERE VERY BRAVE AND FAMOUS in there part of area especially CHAND KHAN locally known as CHAN Khan the breavest man in his area. he had two sons UNQAB ABBASI AND ZARAB ABBASI. ZARAB ABBASI went America in U.N.O to settle one of the STATE of USA Named Heaty. where he performed increadblely well and back after four year with government of US and pakistn proved him sitra hey imtaiz and US miltry award as well. he had two three sons WASIQ ZARAB ABBASI, SAKKIB ZARAB ABBASI, ATIF ZARAB ABBASI The tratry of all that abbasies are lived in this part of world which is very near to murree. people are very hard working and very famous for hospitality and as well as caring. they all all are very petrot they love Pakistan and they want Pakistan to be the greatest nation of the world they belive the quid is the great leader of Pakistan for this part of the world Naseem Abbasi is one of the famous poet in Pakistan now a days. After Habib Jalib and ahmed faraz Naseem abbasi provide a New way of Urdu poetry like 

"wo kadam kadam py musafit main dall b rahat hai maira hareef maira hmsafar b rahta hai tum na choro apny garo ka ahsasa mary pass mujy amntu main kayanat ka dar b rahata hai kisi ka payar ghari do ghari ki bat ni lagy ya rog to umer bhar b rahat hai hassen sortain dil main auter he jati hain chakoor chand ki kirnoo py jaan daita hai wo muj say khall darndoo ki mangta hai naseem darkt kat raha hai michan daita hai Well known personilities now a days are HAQ NAWAZ ABBASI MURTAZA JAVID ABBASI (MNA PML(N))
Sarrara Abbasi
Another clan is the Sararra Abbasi, they mainly inhabit Pattan Kalan and some areas of Kukmang. Sarra Abbasi was one of twelve sons of Akber Gai Khan and the grandson of Zarab Khan ancestor of Abbasi who came to area of Kahuta and settled there. One of the twelve sons is predecessor of Dhond Abbasis named as Kahonder Khan, one of the other son is Tanoli Khan whose successors are settled in area of Tanawal and Darbund.
 
Dhond Abbasi of Birote
Birote is the home of the four Khan brothers, who ruled between 1500 to 1590. The Dhond Abbasi of Birote Kalan trace their descent from Adhari Khan. Adhari Khan had four sons, the most important two are Tahir Khan (b. 1730) and Bahgo Khan (b. 1735) from which all Dhond Abbasi families in Birote Kalan trace their descent. (Read More)
British rule
Prior to and during the time of British rule those who lived in the Hill areas had herded goats and sheep and had horses and donkeys and Khachers for luggage and transportation for their own goods. In 1857, the Dhonds, along with other mountain tribes, attempted to rise up against the British in Murree but failed. The educated population of this tribe settled in province capitals and Islamabad. Their ancestral profession has changed, some are now civil servants, others are in politics or the hotel industry.
Abbasi in Kehal
A vast majority of Dhond Abbasi live in Kehal. They immigrated from Kashmir, the center of Abbasids. They are prominent and influential during elections of NA-17 and PF-44 in the Abbottabad district. They are famous for their honesty, and quality education. 
  Major branches
Sherwal
This group originates in Murree and Lora to Haripur. Now, they reside in the areas of Gundaf, Kaleinjer and surrounding areas in Disst. Haripur. Their forefather was Baba Sher. Herpalal, Khairwal and Kulwal also reside in these areas but they are in the minority. They are all descendants of Andwal.
Khalwal of Masoot
Khalwal is a major branch of Dhond Abbasi, largely residing in Masoot and other areas.
Dhond Abbasis Of Ausia
Abbasis living in Ausia and surrounding areas are siblings of Budhra Khan, known as Bhdurial Abbasi's. Malkaal The greatest Subcost mostly living in Dewal shareef. Clan Khalwal (Dhond Abbasi) are residing mostly in Massot. Their some family members are also residing in Kala Ban (Hazara) It is big sub tribe of village. They extracted their name khalwal from their forefather Khiloo Khan who was one of the son of Rawal Khan of Massot.
Polyaal
The descendants of Pola Khan (son of Haje Khan) are known as Polyaal, they live mainly in Dewal Sharif, Lower Dewal, Ausia and Phagwari and are also scattered in different parts of Murree and Punjab also a largest family in Dewal Sharif.
Tadyals
Sardar Mohammad Abbas Khan of Makara (Murree, UC. Pagwari): Sardar Mohammad Abbas Khan was the first SSP officer in Pakistan after partition and retired in 1954. Sardar mOHSIN ABBASI (PML N) pAKISTAN ,S. Gen. wORLD muslim org, is the grand son of Sardar abbass khan Hafiz Mustasam Abbasi(piece Tv) is also grand son
Iswal
Iswal is a prominent family of the Murree tehsil and Rawat union council.They were the real owners of the area. Mr Jalal Khan Abbasi father of Sarfaraz Hussain Abbasi was most prominent among Iswalfamily of Mohra Shareef. He was the person who introduced pir of Mohra shareef for his influence over the people of Murre.He had great influence over his people and tenants of the are, even English people particularly administration never take any decision or step with out his consultation.His brother Abbas Khan was famous layer of his time and government contractor as well along with his elder brother Jalal Khan.They Were Known as Bra Khan G r Thakadar G. They always helped their community and people of the Muree.Mr Jalal Khan had dozens of servants and guards around him.It is said that the property he had could not be caculated and the other sources he had with him.His servants later on took full advantage of his generous and kind nature.He gifted them lot of land and money when ever some one requested.After the injury of his elder son Sarfaraz Khan at Nowshera,he became upset and remained at home. He given up every thing and even fed up with his bussiness.Sardar Sarfaraz Khan was admitted in CMH but during his injury his parents died at Mohra Eiswal and buried near their fore fathers house.Muhammad Mehrban abbasi retired inspector punjab police of lora dehri kaila belong to iswal family an famous personality of lora union council. Only Sardar Sarfaraz Khan is now alive of his family. He has four sons and two daughters.All of them are living their happy life and serving their mother land.
Mitwals
Descendants of Mita Khan are known as Mitwals. Most of the clan live in Aliot, Dewal Sharif, and the rest are scattered in different villages. Notable Mitwals.

  • Col (r) Habib Khan Member National Assembly 1971-1977
  • Miss Fauzia Habib Member National Assembly 2002- Till Date
  • Capt Zafar Iqbal Shaheed First Receipient HILAL e JURAT 14 August 1948

Slemwals
Descendants of Saleem Khan are known as Slemwal. Most of the Slemwal live in lower Dewal Sharif
Mirjals
Descendants of Mira Khan are known as Mirjals and live for the most part in Dewal Sharif and scattered in Murree.
Beramals
Descendants of Suraj Khan after that descendants of Behram Khan are known as Baramals, Mostly living in Company Bagh (Charra Pani) Near Murree.
Proud of Beramals....
  • Raja Khan Zaman Khan
  • Raja Mehrban Khan
  • Raja Shaukat Mehrban (Nazim)

Borayals
The descendants of Bora Khan are known as Borayals. Most live in Dewal Shrif and suburbs.
Notable Borayals
Air Cmdr(Rt) Waheed Abbasi -Col (R) Naseem Abbasi -Cmdr Zafar Mehmood Abbasi (Pak Navy)
Kamlals
Kamlals also live in Dewal Shrif (Murree) and Birote (Circle Bakote) but they are not Hijals.
Ranwals Of Namb
The biggest subcaste in Ranwals are Thingrals.notable ranwals are Haq Nawaz Abbasi (NAZIM),Prof. Zakir Abbasi,Almas Abbasi.Haq Nawaz Abbasi and Almas Abbasi own a national newspaper named 'Daily Azkaar'
Malwals
Descendants of Malo Khan are known as Malwals. Malwals mainly live in the villages of Seehanna, Angoori, Namb, Dhal on the Grand Trunk Road near Phagwari, Potha Sharif, near village Alyot.
Pride of Abbassies
Sardar Mohammad Abbas Khan of Makara (Murree, UC. Pagwari) and Sardar Noor Khan (Murree UC. Rawaat) were well known before and after partition. Sardar Mohammad Abbas Khan was the first SSP officer in Pakistan after partition and retired in 1954. Sardar Noor Khan was a member of Parliament and both were known as men of principle in Pakistan history. He was the unanimous and unopposed leader of all the tribes of the murree region until he voluntarily relinquished the title and retired from politics in 1946.
Sardar attique ahmed khan Abbasi Ex prime Minister azad kashmir

Kharal Ghaiyalan (Abbasian) Bagh
Around 1640, an uncle and his nephew settled across the Jhelum River from the Kahuta district Punjab to Poonch Kashmir. They settled in Kharal, a village at the north east of Bagh town, and brought their families to live with them. Both uncle and nephew divided the village and built their farms and cultivated wheat. Wheat was not suitable for the climate so they grew maize too. Wheat was abandoned because the maize crop was delayed. Kharal covers an area of 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) with small streams and mountainous terrain all around. In 2005, many lives were lost to an earthquake. The estimated population in 1999 was seven thousand. Kharal Ghaiyalan (Abbasian) falls on the Ceasefire line or line of control (LOC).
Ghaiyal (Abbasi) komi kot muzafarabad

Sub(R) M Rafiq abbasi late Muhammad Aslam Abbasi M Riaz Abbasi writer of two books ang Sectory General bazmy razay Mustafa Union concel komi kot MUHAMMAD AMJAD kHAN ABBASI

Dhund Abbasi are also in Muzaffarabad
There are great number of Dhund Abbasi in Muzaffarabad. who came from Abbotabad. Some Famous Persons from Muzaffarabad

  • Sardar Atiq Ahmed Khan (Prime Minister of AJK) 
  • Muhammad Younus Abbasi ( Assistant Sec. Board of Revune) 
  • Khalid Rasheed Abbasi (Sec. of Nomination Board) 
  • Muhammad Azhar Abbasi Sardar Zafar ullah Khan Abbasi Prisedent Muslim conference Dist Muzafarabad 
  • Sardar Mukhtar Ahmed Abbasi Ex candidates of legeslative assembly AJK
  • Muhammad Amjad Khan Abbasi BBa
Notable Mirals
Muzamal Hussain Abbasi, Manager National Bank of Pakistan Muzaffarabad
'Ayaz Mehmood Abbasi He wrote many newspaper articles on local and national problems. He wrote a thesis on the impact of tourism on the environment in Murree. Ayaz Mehmood Abbasi is the pride of Abbasids. He worked day and night for the rehabilitation of affected people of PF 45 and help them out in housing and livelihood cash grant programme of ERRA. He opened an office in Birote to provide necessary information to the people of U/C Birote, Pluck and Bakot regarding housing grant etc. He approached all the departments, organizations and key figures for the development of PF 45 with out any bias, prejudice or discrimination of caste and creed. He is still busy in highlighting issues effecting the development of area concerned.Presently he is working as Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Officer DRU Mansehra ERRA/PERRA.He was the person who ever in the history of Circle Bakot discovered an old tom near Dana mosque upper part of Birote. He also discovered an old stone idol near nalla Kner kuss. He was the person who laid down the foundation of voluntteer social work in the area.He formed Allam gir development foundation and Human welfare organization.

Jasgam
The Jasgam tribe of abbasi their ancestor are from Dhund.The Jasgam or sometime pronounced Jaskham are tribe of abbasi found in the Punjab province of Pakistan.The Jasgam also found in Kahuta'

 (To be continued)

References
Dhund abbasies as seen by Abbottson
A brief History of Dhund Tribe 
Hari Singh Nalwa atrocity with Dhunds
Social Virtues of Dhunds 
The Language of Dhund Abbasi


External links